Pollination is a key service for the global agricultural production and, at the same time, it symbolizes the perfect symbiosis between plants and insects. The transfer of pollen from one flower to another one affects an extraordinary variety of pollinators as honeybees, solitary bees, bumblebees, butterflies, hoverflies which ensure the quality of the crops and increase the yield production. On the other hand, the landscape provides different habitats and its crops are feeding sources for the pollinator species, in particular the orchards, the sunflowers and the oilseed rape.
The decline in pollinators is due to several factors as pollution, habitat loss, pesticides and unsuitable farming practices.
On the basis of the importance of this topic, the interestof the Authorities such as EFSA,the European Commission and the competent Authorities of the differentMember States, is focused on a more appropriate risk assessment taking into account the real-world scenarios in which pollinatorslive.
In this framework more specific testsand representatives of the complete cycle of insect life were proposed.
During the last Annual Meeting OECD WNT held in April 2014, among the many topics discussed, the guidancedocument on larval multiple exposuretest was evaluated without approval waiting for the resultsof the ring test to be carried out in Spring to which Biotechnologie B.T. will be attending.
Moreover, a proposal for OECD guideline regarding the honeybees chronic toxicity test (10 days feeding test in the laboratory) has been submitted by Germany.
The debate has been postponed looking forward to get theresults of the ring test, included in the work plan, Biotechnologie B.T. is going to attend as well to it.
Due to the high priority in the assessment of the impact of plant protection products on the pollinators environment, also bumblebees and solitary bees were taken into account as species to be tested.
Biotechnologie B.T. is setting up tests on adult bumblebees and it’sworking on solitary bees along with sector experts topropose experimental designs jointly developed.